The information below represents a summary of research related to the importance of individualized accommodations and modifications and their role in fostering effective inclusion for IDEA-protected students with special needs.
Research has shown that both the overuse of inappropriate support and the underuse of appropriate accommodations and modifications has a lasting negative impact on student performance and achievement.
Below are some articles that help to clarify the relationship between Specially Designed Instruction (SDI), Supplemental Aids and Services, and accommodations and modifications.
Due to the differences in forms and formats of the IEP template, interpretations vary from state to state. However, it is generally understood that accommodations and modifications are a component of what most teachers know as Specially Designed Instruction, as well as an element of Supplemental Aids, provided to the student. All of these elements are addressed in the Special Education and Related Services/Supplementary Aids and Services section of the Individuals with Disabilities Act IEP sample form.
The difference rests in who provides the service.